Home Health Mental Health Phobia Cleithrophobia(Fear of Confinement): Understanding and Treating

Cleithrophobia(Fear of Confinement): Understanding and Treating

Overcoming Cleithrophobia: Understanding and Treating the Fear of Confinement

Abstract: This blog post aims to provide a comprehensive and accessible guide to cleithrophobia, a specific phobia characterized by an intense fear of being trapped or confined. We will explore the meaning of cleithrophobia, its relationship with claustrophobia, and delve into effective treatment options. By addressing this common fear, we hope to empower individuals with cleithrophobia to overcome their anxiety and live fuller lives.


Cleithrophobia, also known as the fear of confinement or being trapped, is a specific phobia that affects a significant number of individuals. This blog post aims to provide a deeper understanding of cleithrophobia, explore its prevalence in society, and shed light on the impact it can have on daily life. By delving into these aspects, we can gain valuable insights into the experiences of individuals living with cleithrophobia and the challenges they face.

  • Understanding Cleithrophobia

Cleithrophobia is an intense and irrational fear of being confined or trapped in small spaces. Individuals with cleithrophobia may experience extreme anxiety or panic when exposed to situations where they perceive a lack of escape or limited space. This fear can extend to various environments, such as elevators, crowded rooms, tunnels, or even tight clothing. The underlying cause of cleithrophobia can vary from person to person, often stemming from traumatic experiences, learned behaviors, or genetic predisposition.

  • Prevalence of Cleithrophobia

Cleithrophobia is more common than one might think, affecting a significant portion of the population. However, due to the nature of specific phobias and the reluctance of individuals to seek help, the exact prevalence of cleithrophobia remains challenging to determine accurately. Studies suggest that phobias, including cleithrophobia, are more prevalent in women compared to men. It is important to note that cleithrophobia can manifest at any age, with some individuals developing the fear early in childhood, while others may experience its onset later in life.

  • Impact of Cleithrophobia on Daily Life

Cleithrophobia can have a profound impact on various aspects of an individual’s daily life. The fear of confinement can lead to significant distress, causing individuals to avoid situations that may trigger their phobia. This avoidance behavior can hinder social interactions, limit job opportunities, and restrict participation in everyday activities. Cleithrophobia can also contribute to heightened stress levels, decreased self-confidence, and a diminished sense of well-being. Living with cleithrophobia can be challenging, but it is important to remember that effective treatment options are available to help individuals overcome this fear and regain control of their lives.

In the following sections, we will delve deeper into the definition of cleithrophobia, explore its causes and risk factors, and discuss the key differences between cleithrophobia and claustrophobia. By gaining a comprehensive understanding of cleithrophobia, we can pave the way for effective treatment strategies and empower individuals to overcome their fear of confinement.

Definition of Cleithrophobia

Cleithrophobia is a specific phobia characterized by an intense and irrational fear of confinement or being trapped in small spaces. The term “cleithrophobia” is derived from the Greek words “kleis,” meaning “to close,” and “phobos,” meaning “fear.” Individuals with cleithrophobia experience extreme anxiety or panic when exposed to situations where they perceive limited space or a lack of escape routes. The fear is disproportionate to the actual danger present and can significantly impact the individual’s daily life and well-being.

Causes and Risk Factors

  1. Traumatic Experiences:

Traumatic experiences, such as being trapped in an enclosed space for an extended period or experiencing a distressing event while confined, can contribute to the development of cleithrophobia. These experiences create a lasting impression and association between confinement and fear, leading to the development of the phobia.

  1. Biological Factors:

There may be biological factors involved in the development of cleithrophobia. Research suggests that certain individuals may have a genetic predisposition to anxiety disorders, including specific phobias. Additionally, imbalances in brain chemicals and neurotransmitters, such as serotonin, may contribute to the manifestation of cleithrophobia.

  1. Environmental Influences:

Environmental factors, such as learned behaviors and cultural influences, can also play a role in the development of cleithrophobia. Observing others displaying fear or anxiety in confined spaces or receiving negative messages about confinement during childhood can contribute to the formation of the phobia. Social and cultural factors can further reinforce or amplify the fear response.

Cleithrophobia vs. Claustrophobia: Key Differences

Cleithrophobia and claustrophobia are closely related phobias but have distinct differences:

  1. Object of Fear:

Cleithrophobia specifically revolves around the fear of confinement or being trapped, regardless of the size of the space. It can encompass various situations, such as small rooms, elevators, or crowded places. In contrast, claustrophobia is the fear of small, enclosed spaces, where the focus is on the size and restrictive nature of the environment.

  1. Triggers and Symptoms:

Cleithrophobia can be triggered by both physical and psychological factors associated with confinement, such as closed doors, narrow hallways, or even tight clothing. Individuals with cleithrophobia may experience symptoms like rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, sweating, and panic attacks. Claustrophobia, on the other hand, primarily focuses on the fear of small, enclosed spaces, such as elevators, small rooms, or tunnels, and may elicit similar physical and psychological symptoms.

  1. Scope of Fear:

Cleithrophobia is generally broader in scope and can encompass various situations beyond small spaces. The fear may extend to scenarios where the individual perceives limited mobility, escape routes, or an inability to leave a particular area. Claustrophobia, in contrast, is specifically related to the fear of small, enclosed spaces and may not necessarily extend to other types of confinement.

Understanding these differences between cleithrophobia and claustrophobia is crucial for accurate diagnosis and effective treatment. By recognizing the specific triggers and manifestations of cleithrophobia, individuals can seek appropriate help and pursue targeted therapies to overcome their fear of confinement.

Symptoms of Cleithrophobia

Physical Symptoms

  1. Rapid Heartbeat:

Individuals with cleithrophobia may experience a significant increase in heart rate when exposed to situations involving confinement or the fear of being trapped. This accelerated heart rate is a physiological response to the perceived threat, as the body prepares for a fight-or-flight response.

  1. Shortness of Breath:

Feeling a sense of confinement or being trapped can trigger breathing difficulties in individuals with cleithrophobia. They may experience shortness of breath or a feeling of suffocation, which can intensify anxiety and further contribute to the fear response.

  1. Sweating and Trembling:

Sweating and trembling are common physical symptoms associated with cleithrophobia. The body’s natural stress response can cause excessive sweating as a means to regulate body temperature. Additionally, trembling or shaking may occur as a result of heightened anxiety and muscle tension.

Psychological Symptoms

  1. Intense Anxiety and Panic:

Cleithrophobia often leads to intense anxiety and panic in individuals when faced with situations involving confinement. They may experience overwhelming fear, a sense of impending doom, or a loss of control. These symptoms can be distressing and may even trigger panic attacks.

  1. Feelings of Powerlessness:

Individuals with cleithrophobia may experience a sense of powerlessness when confronted with their fear. The perception of being trapped or unable to escape can generate feelings of helplessness and vulnerability, further exacerbating anxiety and fear.

  1. Avoidance Behaviors:

To cope with their fear, individuals with cleithrophobia may engage in avoidance behaviors. They may actively avoid situations or environments that they perceive as confining or potentially triggering their fear. Avoidance behaviors can significantly impact daily life, limit social interactions, and restrict personal and professional opportunities.

It is important to note that these symptoms can vary in intensity and may differ from person to person. The physical and psychological symptoms associated with cleithrophobia can be distressing, but with proper treatment and support, individuals can learn effective strategies to manage and overcome their fear of confinement.

Understanding the Treatment of Cleithrophobia

Self-Help Techniques

  1. Breathing Exercises:

Deep breathing exercises can be beneficial in managing anxiety and panic symptoms associated with cleithrophobia. Practice diaphragmatic breathing by taking slow, deep breaths, focusing on filling your abdomen with air, and then exhaling slowly. This technique helps regulate your heart rate and promotes relaxation.

  1. Progressive Muscle Relaxation:

Progressive muscle relaxation involves systematically tensing and relaxing different muscle groups to promote overall relaxation. Starting from your toes and working your way up to your head, tense each muscle group for a few seconds and then release the tension. This technique helps reduce muscle tension and promotes a sense of calmness.

  1. Cognitive Restructuring:

Cognitive restructuring involves challenging and replacing negative thoughts and beliefs with more realistic and positive ones. Identify irrational thoughts related to confinement and reframe them with more balanced and empowering perspectives. This technique helps in reducing anxiety and changing the way you perceive and respond to confinement-related situations.

Professional Therapies

  1. Exposure Therapy:

Exposure therapy is a common and effective treatment for specific phobias like cleithrophobia. It involves gradually and systematically exposing yourself to feared situations or stimuli related to confinement. With the guidance of a therapist, you’ll learn relaxation techniques and gradually face your fears in a controlled manner, helping to reduce anxiety and desensitize your fear response.

  1. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT):

CBT is a widely used therapeutic approach that focuses on identifying and changing negative thought patterns and behaviors associated with cleithrophobia. Through CBT, you’ll work with a therapist to challenge and reframe irrational thoughts, develop coping strategies, and engage in behavioral experiments to gradually confront your fear of confinement.

  1. Virtual Reality Therapy:

Virtual reality therapy is an innovative treatment option for cleithrophobia. It involves using virtual reality technology to simulate confined spaces or situations. Under the guidance of a therapist, you can experience controlled exposure to virtual environments, gradually desensitizing yourself to the fear of confinement. This therapy provides a safe and immersive way to confront and overcome your fear.

Seeking professional help is crucial when utilizing these therapies. A trained therapist can provide guidance, support, and personalized strategies to help you overcome cleithrophobia effectively.

Remember, the journey to overcoming cleithrophobia may take time, and it’s essential to be patient and consistent with your self-help techniques and therapy. With dedication and professional guidance, you can gradually build resilience, gain confidence, and reclaim control over your fear of confinement.

Overcoming Cleithrophobia: Practical Steps

Gradual Exposure to Triggers

  1. Identifying Triggering Situations:

Start by identifying specific situations or environments that trigger your cleithrophobia. This could include being in small rooms, crowded spaces, or confined areas like elevators or tunnels. Understanding your triggers will help you plan your exposure therapy more effectively.

  1. Building a Hierarchy of Fear:

Once you have identified your triggering situations, create a hierarchy of fear. Arrange these situations from least anxiety-provoking to most anxiety-provoking. This hierarchy will serve as a roadmap for gradually exposing yourself to increasingly challenging situations over time.

  1. Systematic Desensitization:

Systematic desensitization involves gradually and systematically exposing yourself to your fear triggers while practicing relaxation techniques. Start with the least anxiety-provoking situation in your hierarchy and work your way up as you gain more confidence and tolerance. Pair each exposure with relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing or progressive muscle relaxation, to help manage anxiety.

Support Systems and Peer Groups

  1. Joining Support Groups:

Consider joining support groups or online communities specifically for individuals with phobias or anxiety disorders. These groups provide a safe space to connect with others who share similar experiences. Sharing your journey, listening to others’ stories, and receiving support can be empowering and reassuring.

  1. Seeking Guidance from Others:

Reach out to individuals who have successfully overcome cleithrophobia or similar phobias. Seek their guidance and advice on coping strategies, treatment options, and overcoming challenges. Their firsthand experiences can provide valuable insights and inspiration throughout your own recovery process.

  1. Sharing Experiences and Coping Strategies:

Participate in discussions or forums where you can share your experiences, coping strategies, and successes. By sharing your journey, you not only contribute to the community but also gain valuable feedback and support from others who understand your struggles. Together, you can exchange ideas, learn new techniques, and provide encouragement to one another.

Remember, everyone’s journey with cleithrophobia is unique, and it’s important to find support systems that work best for you. Whether it’s through support groups, seeking guidance from others, or sharing your experiences, building a network of support can greatly contribute to your overall recovery and provide a sense of belonging throughout the process.

Seeking Professional Help for Cleithrophobia

Finding a Qualified Therapist

  1. Recommendations from Medical Professionals:

Start by seeking recommendations from your primary care physician or other medical professionals. They can provide referrals to qualified therapists who specialize in treating anxiety disorders and phobias like cleithrophobia. Medical professionals often have networks and resources to help you find the right therapist for your needs.

  1. Online Directories and Resources:

Utilize online directories and resources to search for therapists specializing in anxiety disorders and specific phobias. Websites such as Psychology Today, GoodTherapy, and the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA) offer search tools that allow you to filter therapists based on location, expertise, and specific phobias. Read therapist profiles and reviews to assess their qualifications and approach.

  1. Evaluating Therapist Credentials:

When considering a therapist, evaluate their credentials and expertise in treating specific phobias. Look for therapists who have experience and training in cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and exposure therapy, as these are often effective treatments for cleithrophobia. Additionally, consider factors such as their licensing, years of experience, and any certifications or specialized training in anxiety disorders.

Medication Options

  1. Anti-Anxiety Medications:

Anti-anxiety medications, such as benzodiazepines, may be prescribed to help manage symptoms of cleithrophobia, particularly during the initial stages of treatment or when experiencing severe anxiety or panic attacks. These medications work by reducing anxiety and promoting relaxation. However, they are typically used on a short-term basis due to the risk of dependence and potential side effects.

  1. Antidepressants:

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), a type of antidepressant, are commonly prescribed for anxiety disorders, including cleithrophobia. SSRIs help regulate serotonin levels in the brain, which can improve mood, reduce anxiety, and minimize phobia symptoms over time. It’s important to consult with a psychiatrist or prescribing healthcare professional to determine the appropriate medication and dosage.

  1. Consultation with a Psychiatrist:

Consulting with a psychiatrist can provide valuable insights into medication options for managing cleithrophobia. Psychiatrists specialize in mental health and can assess your specific needs, prescribe medication if necessary, and monitor your progress throughout the treatment process. They can work in collaboration with therapists to provide comprehensive care.

Remember, medication should always be considered as part of a comprehensive treatment plan for cleithrophobia and should be prescribed and monitored by qualified healthcare professionals. It’s important to have open and honest discussions with your healthcare team to determine the best approach for your specific situation and to ensure any medication is used safely and effectively.

Lifestyle Changes to Aid Cleithrophobia Recovery

Stress Management Techniques

  1. Regular Exercise:

Engaging in regular physical exercise can help reduce stress and anxiety associated with cleithrophobia. Exercise releases endorphins, which are natural mood-boosting chemicals in the brain. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise, such as brisk walking, jogging, or cycling, on most days of the week.

  1. Mindfulness and Meditation:

Practicing mindfulness and meditation can help calm the mind and reduce stress. Take a few moments each day to focus on your breath and bring your attention to the present moment. This can help alleviate anxiety and promote a sense of relaxation. Consider using mindfulness apps or guided meditation recordings to assist you in your practice.

  1. Healthy Sleep Habits:

Establishing healthy sleep habits is essential for overall well-being and stress management. Create a relaxing bedtime routine, maintain a consistent sleep schedule, and create a comfortable sleep environment. Prioritize getting enough sleep each night, as sleep deprivation can exacerbate anxiety symptoms.

Avoidance Strategies

  1. Identifying and Minimizing Triggers:

Take the time to identify specific triggers or situations that worsen your cleithrophobia symptoms. Once identified, brainstorm strategies to minimize your exposure to these triggers whenever possible. For example, if crowded spaces trigger your fear, you could plan outings during off-peak hours or explore alternative routes to avoid congested areas.

  1. Setting Boundaries:

Setting boundaries is crucial to protect your mental well-being. Communicate your fears and limitations to friends, family, and coworkers. Let them know about your cleithrophobia and the situations that make you uncomfortable. Establishing clear boundaries will help prevent unnecessary exposure to triggering situations and reduce anxiety.

  1. Prioritizing Self-Care:

Make self-care a priority in your daily life. Engage in activities that bring you joy and relaxation. This could include hobbies, spending time in nature, practicing self-compassion, or engaging in creative outlets. Taking care of your physical, mental, and emotional well-being will strengthen your overall resilience and help manage stress.

Remember, stress management and avoidance strategies are complementary to professional therapy and self-help techniques. It’s important to find a balance between confronting your fears through exposure therapy and implementing strategies to minimize unnecessary stress and anxiety in your daily life.

Cleithrophobia in Children: Tips for Parents

Recognizing Cleithrophobia in Children

  1. Unusual Reactions to Confined Spaces:

Pay attention to your child’s reactions when they encounter confined spaces. They may exhibit extreme fear, distress, or discomfort in situations such as small rooms, crowded places, or tight spaces. Unusual reactions like crying, screaming, or attempting to escape may indicate the presence of cleithrophobia.

  1. Nightmares and Sleep Disturbances:

Cleithrophobia can manifest in children through nightmares or sleep disturbances related to confinement. If your child frequently has nightmares or experiences sleep disruptions that involve themes of being trapped or confined, it may be a sign of their fear of confinement.

  1. Changes in Behavior and Social Interactions:

Children with cleithrophobia may display changes in behavior and social interactions. They might become more withdrawn, avoid participating in activities or events that involve confined spaces, or show signs of anxiety or distress in social situations. Look for any significant changes in their behavior that seem to be related to confinement.

Creating a Supportive Environment

  1. Open Communication Channels:

Foster open and supportive communication with your child. Encourage them to express their fears and emotions surrounding confinement without judgment. By creating a safe space for them to share their feelings, you can better understand their experiences and provide appropriate support.

  1. Gentle Exposure Techniques:

Gradually expose your child to confined spaces in a gentle and controlled manner. Start with less intimidating situations and gradually progress to more challenging ones as their comfort level increases. Support them through the process, using relaxation techniques and positive reinforcement to help manage anxiety.

  1. Professional Guidance for Parents:

Seek professional guidance from therapists or psychologists who specialize in working with children and anxiety disorders. They can provide valuable insights, tools, and strategies for parents to support their child with cleithrophobia effectively. A trained professional can guide you in implementing exposure techniques and offer advice tailored to your child’s specific needs.

Remember, each child is unique, and the severity of cleithrophobia can vary. Patience, understanding, and professional support are crucial in helping children overcome their fear of confinement and navigate their daily lives with confidence and resilience.

Cleithrophobia Management Techniques for Daily Life

Coping Strategies for Everyday Situations

  1. Deep Breathing Exercises:

Deep breathing exercises can help calm the body and mind during moments of anxiety or stress. Encourage slow, deep breaths, inhaling deeply through the nose and exhaling slowly through the mouth. This technique can help regulate your heart rate, promote relaxation, and reduce the intensity of cleithrophobia symptoms.

  1. Visualization and Positive Affirmations:

Practice visualization techniques to imagine yourself in calm and safe environments. Close your eyes and visualize being in an open space or engaging in an activity that brings you joy and relaxation. Pair this with positive affirmations, such as repeating comforting statements to yourself, like “I am safe” or “I am in control.” These techniques can help shift your mindset and reduce anxiety.

  1. Utilizing Distraction Techniques:

When confronted with triggering situations, distract your mind by engaging in activities that redirect your focus. This could include listening to music, reading a book, solving puzzles, or engaging in hobbies. By diverting your attention, you can lessen the intensity of anxiety and shift your focus to more positive experiences.

Building Resilience and Emotional Well-being

  1. Practicing Self-Compassion:

Be kind and compassionate toward yourself. Understand that experiencing cleithrophobia is not a weakness or a flaw. Practice self-acceptance and self-care by acknowledging your fears and emotions without judgment. Treat yourself with the same empathy and understanding you would offer to a loved one.

  1. Seeking Emotional Support:

Reach out to trusted friends, family members, or support groups to share your feelings and seek emotional support. Having someone to talk to who understands and validates your experiences can provide comfort and reassurance. Surrounding yourself with a supportive network can significantly contribute to your emotional well-being.

  1. Engaging in Relaxation Activities:

Incorporate relaxation activities into your daily routine to promote emotional well-being and reduce stress. This can include practices such as yoga, meditation, taking warm baths, or engaging in hobbies that promote relaxation. Find activities that bring you joy and help you unwind, allowing you to recharge and build resilience.

Remember, coping strategies and building resilience require practice and patience. Experiment with different techniques to find what works best for you. Incorporating these strategies into your daily life can help manage cleithrophobia and promote overall emotional well-being.

Conclusion: Embracing a Life Free from Cleithrophobia

  • Empowering Yourself through Knowledge:

Understanding cleithrophobia and its impact is the first step towards overcoming it. By learning about the condition, its causes, symptoms, and treatment options, you empower yourself with knowledge that can guide you on your journey to recovery. Keep educating yourself about cleithrophobia and stay informed about the latest research and therapeutic approaches.

  • Taking Small Steps towards Recovery:

Overcoming cleithrophobia is a gradual process that requires patience and perseverance. Start by taking small steps towards facing your fears and challenging yourself in controlled environments. Utilize self-help techniques, seek professional therapy, and rely on support systems to provide guidance and encouragement along the way. Each small step you take brings you closer to a life free from the constraints of cleithrophobia.

  • Celebrating Progress and Success:

Recognize and celebrate your progress and successes, no matter how small they may seem. Each time you confront your fears, manage your anxiety, or take steps towards recovery, acknowledge your efforts and give yourself credit for the achievements. Celebrating milestones helps motivate and reinforce your commitment to overcoming cleithrophobia.

In conclusion, cleithrophobia can significantly impact an individual’s quality of life. However, with the right knowledge and resources, it is possible to overcome this fear of confinement. By implementing various self-help techniques, seeking professional therapy, and making lifestyle changes, individuals with cleithrophobia can gradually reclaim their freedom and live without the constraints of fear. Remember, you are not alone in this journey, and with determination and support, a life free from cleithrophobia is within reach.

Last worded from Author

Embrace your journey towards freedom from cleithrophobia and live a life filled with courage, resilience, and limitless possibilities. You have the power to conquer your fears and create a future of empowerment and joy.


What is cleithrophobia?

Cleithrophobia is an intense fear of being trapped or confined in small spaces. It is a specific phobia that can cause significant anxiety and distress.

How is cleithrophobia different from claustrophobia?

While both cleithrophobia and claustrophobia involve fears of confinement, cleithrophobia specifically focuses on the fear of being trapped, regardless of the size of the space. Claustrophobia, on the other hand, is centered around fear of small or enclosed spaces.

What are the common symptoms of cleithrophobia?

Symptoms of cleithrophobia may include rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, sweating, trembling, intense anxiety, panic attacks, and avoidance behaviors. These symptoms can vary in intensity from person to person.

What are some self-help techniques for managing cleithrophobia?

Self-help techniques for managing cleithrophobia include breathing exercises, progressive muscle relaxation, cognitive restructuring, and practicing exposure to gradually desensitize oneself to triggering situations.

When should I seek professional help for cleithrophobia?

If cleithrophobia significantly interferes with your daily life, causes intense distress, or if self-help techniques have not been effective, it is advisable to seek professional help. A qualified therapist can provide specialized therapies, such as exposure therapy or cognitive-behavioral therapy, to address and overcome cleithrophobia.

Can medication be helpful in treating cleithrophobia?

Medication may be prescribed in some cases to help manage the symptoms of cleithrophobia. Anti-anxiety medications and antidepressants may be used to alleviate anxiety and support the individual during therapy. It is important to consult with a psychiatrist or healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate medication management.


American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596

Anxiety and Depression Association of America. (n.d.). Specific phobias. https://adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/additional-disorders/phobias

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Written by

Greetings, I am Dr. Ashutosh Tripathi, a psychologist with extensive expertise in criminal behavior and its impact on psychological well-being. I hold a Master of Physics (Honors), a Master of Philosophy, a Master of Psychology, and a PhD in Psychology from BHU in India.Over the past 13 years, I have been privileged to serve more than 3200 patients with unique and varied psychological needs. My clinical work is guided by a deep passion for helping individuals navigate complex psychological issues and live more fulfilling lives.As a recognized contributor to the field of psychology, my articles have been published in esteemed Indian news forums, such as The Hindu, The Times of India, and Punjab Kesari. I am grateful for the opportunity to have been honored by the Government of Israel for my contributions to the Psychological Assistance Program.I remain committed to advancing our understanding of psychology and its applications through my ongoing research, which can be found on leading online libraries such as Science Direct, Wiley, Elsevier, Orcid, Google Scholar, and loop Frontiers. I am also an active contributor to Quora, where I share my insights on various psychological issues.Overall, I see myself as a lifelong student of psychology, constantly learning and growing from my patients, colleagues, and peers. I consider it a great privilege to have the opportunity to serve others in this field and to contribute to our collective understanding of the human mind and behavior.

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