Home Self-Determination Understanding the Three Types of Ego: A Guide to Self-Awareness

Understanding the Three Types of Ego: A Guide to Self-Awareness

types of ego

The ego, or sense of self, has been a topic of interest for philosophers, psychologists, and spiritual leaders for centuries. Although the concept of ego can be complex and multifaceted, the Art of Living Foundation has identified three types of ego: Sattva (goodness, calmness, harmonious), Rajas (passion, activity, movement), and Tamas (ignorance, inertia, laziness).. This article will explore each type in detail and provide practical tips for managing them.

What is Ego

Ego is to consider oneself separate from this universe. “I am the best” or “I am the worst” are egos. And don’t try to break the ego. I seem to have an ego, so let it be; Say, ok ok, you stay. Keep your ego in your pocket. You will see, automatically, you become comfortable. “Arrogance is the absence of spontaneity.” Arrogance is the absence of simplicity. “Ego is the absence of belonging.” “Ego is the absence of intimacy.” And, to break it, we must adopt spontaneity, intimacy, familiarity, and simplicity in life.

Types of Ego

Tamas Ego (ignorance, inertia, laziness)..

The tamas ego is associated with laziness, ignorance, and apathy. People with a tamas ego tend to be disinterested in self-improvement and may resist change. They may also struggle with addiction or other self-destructive behaviors.

The tamas ego is like a deep-rooted inertia that makes people feel stuck and prevents them from progressing. This type of ego is often characterized by a lack of motivation and ambition, making it difficult for individuals to achieve their goals.

Rajas Ego (passion, activity, movement)

The rajas’ ego is associated with passion, ambition, and desire. People with a rajas ego are often driven to achieve success and recognition but may become competitive or aggressive. They may also struggle with attachment to material possessions or relationships.

The rajas’ ego can be both a blessing and a curse. On the one hand, it can drive individuals to accomplish great things and reach their full potential. On the other hand, it can lead to an excessive focus on external validation and status, which can harm personal relationships and mental health.

Sattva Ego (goodness, calmness, harmonious)

The sattva ego is characterized by purity, wisdom, and inner peace. People with a sattva ego prioritize spiritual growth and self-awareness and may be more content with simple living. They may also have a strong sense of compassion and empathy for others.

The sattva ego is the ideal state of being, characterized by a deep sense of inner peace and contentment. This type of ego is associated with selflessness and a deep understanding of connection to others and the world around us.

Managing the Ego

While the ego is a natural part of being human, excessive attachment to any of the three types can cause problems in our personal and professional lives. Here are some practical tips for managing the ego:

  • Practice self-reflection: Spend time each day reflecting on your thoughts and actions, and identify any patterns or tendencies related to your ego. This can help you become more aware of your own biases and shortcomings.
  • Cultivate humility: Recognize that everyone has strengths and weaknesses and that success is often a team effort. Avoid comparing yourself to others or seeking validation through external achievements.
  • Prioritize self-care: Take care of your physical, emotional, and spiritual needs to maintain a balanced perspective and reduce stress. This can include practices like exercise, meditation, and spending time in nature.
  • Practice mindfulness: Focus on the present moment and observe your thoughts without judgment. This can help you become more aware of your ego and prevent it from taking over.


Understanding the three types of ego can be a powerful tool for self-awareness and personal growth. By recognizing our tendencies and taking steps to manage them, we can cultivate a more balanced and fulfilling life. Remember, the ego is not something to be eliminated but instead managed in a way that supports our overall well-being.

Last worded from Author.

Thank you for reading this article on the three types of ego. We hope it has provided you with valuable insights into your own sense of self and how to manage it to support your personal growth and well-being. Remember, self-awareness is an ongoing practice, so continue to reflect and make adjustments as needed.


What Is The Difference Between Ego And Self-Esteem?

Ego refers to our sense of self or identity, while self-esteem refers to our evaluation of our worth or value. Ego can be positive and negative, while self-esteem is generally seen as a positive attribute.

Can Ego Be Eliminated?

According to spiritual teachings, the ego cannot be eliminated, as it is an inherent aspect of the human experience. However, it can be managed to support our personal growth and well-being.

How Can I Tell Which Type Of Ego I Have?

Self-reflection and self-awareness practices, such as mindfulness and meditation, can help you become more aware of your tendencies and patterns related to your ego. You can also seek guidance from a mentor, therapist, or spiritual teacher.

Is It Possible To Transition From One Type Of Ego To Another?

Yes, it is possible to shift from one type of ego to another through intentional practice and self-awareness. For example, someone with a tamas ego can cultivate more motivation and ambition, while someone with a rajas ego can develop more inner peace and contentment.

Can Managing The Ego Improve Relationships?

Yes, ego management can improve relationships by reducing conflict, promoting empathy and compassion, and fostering a more profound connection with others. By recognizing our egos and tendencies, we can become more understanding and accepting of others, leading to healthier and more fulfilling relationships.


Art of Living Foundation. (n.d.). Three types of ego. Retrieved from https://www.artofliving.org/in-hi/wisdom/knowledge-sheet/three-types-of-ego

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Greetings, I am Dr. Ashutosh Tripathi, a psychologist with extensive expertise in criminal behavior and its impact on psychological well-being. I hold a Master of Physics (Honors), a Master of Philosophy, a Master of Psychology, and a PhD in Psychology from BHU in India.Over the past 13 years, I have been privileged to serve more than 3200 patients with unique and varied psychological needs. My clinical work is guided by a deep passion for helping individuals navigate complex psychological issues and live more fulfilling lives.As a recognized contributor to the field of psychology, my articles have been published in esteemed Indian news forums, such as The Hindu, The Times of India, and Punjab Kesari. I am grateful for the opportunity to have been honored by the Government of Israel for my contributions to the Psychological Assistance Program.I remain committed to advancing our understanding of psychology and its applications through my ongoing research, which can be found on leading online libraries such as Science Direct, Wiley, Elsevier, Orcid, Google Scholar, and loop Frontiers. I am also an active contributor to Quora, where I share my insights on various psychological issues.Overall, I see myself as a lifelong student of psychology, constantly learning and growing from my patients, colleagues, and peers. I consider it a great privilege to have the opportunity to serve others in this field and to contribute to our collective understanding of the human mind and behavior.

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