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Cognitive Dissonance

What to Know About Childhood Autism

A spectrum of disorders known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD) affects children’s development. Children with ASD frequently have communication problems and may lack typical social skills. The actions, communication, and social abilities of a child are often affected by autism symptoms in children, which can vary greatly.

While some autistic children may only have minor symptoms, others may have severe symptoms that impair their ability to operate on a daily basis.

It is in a child’s best advantage to diagnose and treat autism as early as possible, even though more study must be done to determine what causes autism and its best therapies. Children with autism are more likely to experience disorders like depression, anxiety, ADHD, epilepsy, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). ASD affects roughly 1 in 160 children worldwide today.

This article explores what you should know if your child has autism as well as your options for therapy.

Disorders That Can Lead to An Autism Misdiagnosis

Children’s Autism Symptoms

Children with autism have a variety of symptoms. The appearance of autistic symptoms varies from child to child. Sometimes the condition’s symptoms in girls may differ from those in boys.

Autism in females is a little trickier to diagnose than in boys since they tend to be quieter and better at “masking” their symptoms.

Additionally, autistic symptoms in younger children will change slightly from those in older children. The following are a few of the disorder’s most typical symptoms:

  • Difficulty keeping or making eye contact with others
  • Connecting with others is difficult
  • Difficulty picking up new skills
  • Managing new changes issues
  • Being extremely sensitive to loud noises and bright lighting
  • Showing repetition in their actions, such as clapping their hands or rocking back and forth.
  • What boys should know about autism
  • Early symptoms of autism in children
  • Even two-year-old youngsters can be diagnosed with autism.

According to some studies, you could even start noticing symptoms when you’re just 18 months old.

You should be on the lookout for the following in your infants and young children:

  • Refusing to answer when their name is called
  • Getting your attention when they need it but can’t
  • Not being able to keep up with moving objects
  • Refusing to embrace or make physical contact with someone
  • Not being able to mimic the motions or facial expressions of those around them
  • Being unable of exchanging even baby babble
  • Autism symptoms in older children
  • As kids become older, spotting autism symptoms may get a little bit simpler.
  • You may observe some of the following in your older children:
  • Is angry or unresponsive when you attempt to touch them
  • Finds it difficult to interpret emotional cues
  • Has trouble expressing their needs
  • Avoids making eye contact with others
  • Has trouble forming friendships
  • Being alone and avoiding social engagement
  • Maintaining a rigid schedule and being irritated when it is disturbed

How Children with Autism Are Diagnosed

  • The diagnosis of ads in children is not made with a particular medical test.
  • However, children as young as two years old can have autism diagnosed using certain diagnostic methods.
  • Making an early diagnosis of ads enables earlier treatment, which improves the quality of life for kids who have this illness.
  • A clinician may watch out for the following symptoms in children to see if they have ads:
  • Being unable to direct one’s gaze at another
  • Being silent for 16 months
  • Speaking seldom or with a distinctive voice
  • If by the time they turn one, they can’t communicate with their hands
  • If their social or language skills appear to be deteriorating

displaying repetitive behavior, such as reciting every word they hear or repeatedly performing a specific gesture

Related Reading: What is autism?

What Leads to Childhood Autism?

Autism is a challenging condition to diagnose in both children and adults. However, a number of risk factors are thought to have a role in the emergence of the illness.

The most likely culprits have been identified as environmental and genetic variables. There is strong evidence that genetics have a role in autism, although no single gene has been found to be the cause of the condition. The likelihood is that the illness could be caused by numerous genes.

There is evidence that autistic children’s brains differ slightly from those of children without the disease. Early on, autistic children’s brains seem to develop more quickly than those of ordinary kids. Although the reason for this faster growth is unknown, it has an impact on how the brain functions.

In the past, immunizations have been incorrectly associated with the emergence of autism in children. However, years of study have been devoted to disproving this idea. There are no immunizations that have been associated with autism in children or that increase their risk of getting the disorder.

How Children with Autism Are Treated

Autism currently has no known cure. However, its symptoms can be effectively controlled with the right care. Depending on the severity of the symptoms, children with ASD may require different treatments. Listed below is information about paediatric ASD treatment.


There isn’t a drug that the FDA has approved specifically for treating autism. However, some medical issues or symptoms that may have arisen as a result of autism may be treated with specialised drugs.


Children with autism are treated using a variety of methods. The type of therapy utilised depends on the particular requirements of the child. The most widely utilised methods for treating autism are as follows:

Physical Therapy:

The goal of occupational therapy is to provide autistic children the skills they need to live normal, everyday lives.

Applied behaviour analysis (ABA) is one of the most successful therapies for autistic children, regardless of how severe their symptoms are, according to research. It gives kids the social and communication skills they need to get along with others.

Advice for Parents of Children with Autism:

Sometimes it might be difficult to raise a child who has autism. ASD cannot be cured, but it can be controlled with the correct therapies. This indicates that it’s a chronic ailment that requires ongoing management for those who have it.

You can use the following advice to assist your child in managing their condition:

Keep up with your autistic child’s treatment schedule. Typically, a combination of medicine and treatment is used for this. Your autistic child can enjoy a healthy life with the correct treatment regimen.

Join a group of local support. Joining the Asperger/Autism Network (AANE), Autism Speaks, and the Autism Society is possible. It can be beneficial to speak with and learn from other parents of autistic children.

Don’t forget to look after yourself as well. It’s incredibly simple to burn out when attempting to meet all of your autistic child’s requirements. However, you cannot provide your child with the necessary care if you are not at your best.

Keep an eye out for any early symptoms in your kids. One autistic child increases the likelihood that future children will also be born with the disorder. Learn the Signs, Act Early is a programme run by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) that provides resources and information to assist parents recognise the earliest indications of autism and other developmental abnormalities.

Also Read

Written by

Greetings, I am Dr. Ashutosh Tripathi, a psychologist with extensive expertise in criminal behavior and its impact on psychological well-being. I hold a Master of Physics (Honors), a Master of Philosophy, a Master of Psychology, and a PhD in Psychology from BHU in India.Over the past 13 years, I have been privileged to serve more than 3200 patients with unique and varied psychological needs. My clinical work is guided by a deep passion for helping individuals navigate complex psychological issues and live more fulfilling lives.As a recognized contributor to the field of psychology, my articles have been published in esteemed Indian news forums, such as The Hindu, The Times of India, and Punjab Kesari. I am grateful for the opportunity to have been honored by the Government of Israel for my contributions to the Psychological Assistance Program.I remain committed to advancing our understanding of psychology and its applications through my ongoing research, which can be found on leading online libraries such as Science Direct, Wiley, Elsevier, Orcid, Google Scholar, and loop Frontiers. I am also an active contributor to Quora, where I share my insights on various psychological issues.Overall, I see myself as a lifelong student of psychology, constantly learning and growing from my patients, colleagues, and peers. I consider it a great privilege to have the opportunity to serve others in this field and to contribute to our collective understanding of the human mind and behavior.

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